Prevalence of Syphilis in Blood Donors in District Mardan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan
The usual origin of transmission of infectious diseases is blood transfusion. The population of Pakistan is about 1.8 billion, and around 1.5 million bags of blood is required for transfusion annually. So, judgment of prevalence of the syphilis disease in the donors by more deep study to give a clear picture of the current circumstances for the health specialists and the blood donors which are concerned. Samples were taken from blood donors an assay named as ARCHITECT syphilis Treponema Palladium (TP) was done to detect syphilis disease. We have total 5492 healthy donors, out of which 36 were positive cases. In positive cases we found that the majority were male, so it indicates that male population are in great risk as compare to female in the region 2 (3.5%) female out of 5492 represented the population with positive result while 34 (96.5%) males out of 5492 were detected as syphilis positive. The total prevalence of syphilis disease is 0.6%. The result shows that the prevalence of syphilis is very low as compare to the previous observations, which is very strange. This low prevalence still reflects a high threat to the communal health. So, it is suggested that we can prevail this disease through public awareness moment.
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